Additionally, shrubs begin to develop branches toward the base of the main stem and may have several large branches. In this drought-prone land, soils are often shallow, even saline. Species that grow into a shrubby habit may be either deciduous or evergreen. Shrub is made with 3 basic ingredients: produce, sugar, and vinegar. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). During the aging process, … Shrubs are also known as hedges, bushes, and woody plants. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Flowering Plants. Trees are generally defined as woody plants more than 6 m tall, having a dominant stem, or trunk, and a definite crown shape. Intermediate between shrubs and trees are arborescences, or treelike shrubs, from 3 to 6 m tall. These plants attain heights up to about 20 feet (6 metres). Other shrubs respond better to selective pruning to reveal their structure and character. All rights reserved. The nursery business is about equally divided between the production of (1) coniferous evergreens such as yew, juniper, spruce, and pine; (2) broad-leaved evergreens such as rhododendron,…. Trees are generally defined as woody A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant. According to renowned British garden designer David Domoney, a shrub is defined as a woody plant that is smaller than a tree and generally has a rounded shape. With this in mind, they are great for ground cover. In summer, small white-pink flowers adorn the shrub, and are followed by red berries in autumn. PLANTOPEDIA: Browse flowering plants by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family or Origin. However, this plant is smaller than a tree and grows to a height of no more than 16.4 feet. Shrub, any woody plant that has several stems, none dominant, and is usually less than 3 m (10 feet) tall. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates. Shrub, any woody plant that has several stems, none dominant, and is usually less than 3 m (10 feet) tall. The low shrubs that grow there can be divided into two groups: woody plants, such as species of, Smaller woody plants, such as shrubs and bushes, have several stems arising from the base. Shrubs in common garden practice are generally considered broad-leaved plants, though some smaller conifers such as mountain pine and common juniper are also shrubby in structure. An area of cultivated shrubs in a park or a garden is known as a shrubbery. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The main difference between the two is that a shrub has several main stems growing from ground level, rather than one trunk. In terms of mixed drinks, shrub is the name of two different, but related, acidulated beverages. A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant. Many shrubs respond well to renewal pruning, in which hard cutting back to a "stool" results in long new stems known as "canes." A sort of fourth ingredient is time, as shrub reaches its peak flavor after 2 weeks of aging. Black Friday Sale! One type of shrub is a fruit liqueur that was popular in 17th and 18th century England, typically made with rum or brandy, and mixed with sugar and the juice or rinds of citrus fruit. Low growing and low maintenance, this evergreen shrub grows to around 15cm tall and can spread indefinitely. Omissions? Small, low shrubs, generally less than 6.6 feet (2 m) tall, such as lavender, periwinkle, and most small garden varieties of roses, are often termed subshrubs. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. This article was most recently revised and updated by, shrub - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). These distinctions are not reliable, however, for there are some shrubs, such as lilacs and honeysuckles, that, under especially favourable environmental conditions, grow to the size of an arborescence or even a small tree. Shrubs are an excellent way to add a new zing to cocktails and they're quite versatile. A shrub is a plant which dominates the shrubland landscape and is similar to a tree in that it is characterized by its woody appearance. When much-branched and dense, it may be called a bush. Some specimens of a plant species may take a tree form, whereas others, under different conditions, may assume a shrub or arborescent form—e.g., sumacs, willows, and spruces. It is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 20 feet (6 m) tall. In this drought-prone land, soils are often shallow, even saline. Corrections? It is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 20 feet (6 m) tall. Plants of many species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. For instance, an apple fennel shrub can be paired with a shot of bourbon and a splash of ginger beer. Likewise, a cranberry-fig shrub is excellent with an aged rum, ruby port, and ginger beer or ginger ale.
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