alienated — This and “darkened,” imply that before the fall they (in the person of their first father) had been partakers of life and light: and that they had revolted from the primitive revelation (compare Ephesians 2:12). Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. Many men would rather read a ballad than Milton’s “Lycidas” or “Comus” or “Paradise Lost.” (H. W. This ignorance, if I may say so, doth reside rather in their affection than understanding part. It is not that there is any I deficiency or incapacity of natural powers. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Harless will not admit any allusion to regeneration in this life, but refers us to the Logos in whom is “the life of men.” Granted; but that light only penetrates, and that life only pulsates, through the applying energies of the Holy Ghost. Here the reason is stated why they lived and acted as they did, and why the “understanding” was blinded. because of the blindness of their hearts, or "the hardness of it"; there is a natural hardness of the heart, the heart is naturally stony, and so it remains till grace takes away the stony heart, and gives an heart of flesh; it is insensible and inflexible, and not susceptive of any impression; and there is a voluntary hardness of it, men willingly harden themselves against the Lord, and make their hearts like an adamant stone, all sin is of an hardening nature; and there is a judicial hardness, which God gives up men unto; and when and where this is the case, in either sense, it is no wonder men should be so ignorant of God, and so alienated from the life of him: סמיות הלב, "blindness of heart"F3T. Here is a reference to the pre-Christian Gentiles who at first knew God, rebelled against him, turned away from him, eventually being hardened, first through their own wickedness, and later receiving a judicial hardening of God himself who thus punished their disobedience. South.). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/ephesians-4.html. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. τῇ διανοίᾳ is conceived of together. § xxviii. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. The dat. Darkened is a perfect passive verb meaning that the understanding is darkened and always will be darkened, unless of course Christ intercedes. Periphrastic perfect passive participle of σκοτοω skotoō old verb from σκοτος skotos (darkness), in N.T. This is what the apostle teaches in 1 Corinthians 2:14, 1 Corinthians 2:16. See the supplementary notes, Romans 5). Ephesians 2:5; Romans 6:4). The morality of the Greek cities of Asia Minor was so base and so foul that we wonder that the fires of God did not descend to destroy them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/ephesians-4.html. For ζωή in the NT seems never to mean the course of life, but life itself, the principle of life as opposed to death. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/ephesians-4.html. Let people “feel” right toward God, and they will soon “think” right; let the heart be pure, and the understanding will be clear. Used by Permission. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ephesians-4.html. Compare Ephesians 3:16, Ephesians 3:17, and the remarks on that passage. The lost"s understanding is darkened. Hence, a soul's callousness feeling (Mark 3:5). But the regeneration of believers is here called, by way of eminence, the life of God, because then does God truly live in us, and we enjoy his life, when he governs us by his Spirit. Others (Mey., Abb., etc.) The participle here has the same force as that of the previous clause. All other rights reserved. At first he regards sin with horror. John 17:3. This cannot mean the godly life, the way of life approved by God. Ephesians 4:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 4:18, NIV: "They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardening of their hearts." Cetubot, fol. See Ephesians 2:12. life. London, 1831. It includes the ideas not only of thinking but of feeling and desiring. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/ephesians-4.html. 1832. See Ephesians 1:18. alienated. The Gentile world having severed itself from this life was spiritually dead, and therefore a sepulchral pall was thrown over its intellect. "Commentary on Ephesians 4:18". We discover that it is only the larger world which has been revealed to us by Christ that is real and enduring; and that compared with its august and glorious realities “things seen and temporal,” are but passing shadows. τ. ζωῆς τ. θεοῦ: since they are darkened (comp. blindness — Greek, “hardness,” literally, the hardening of the skin so as not to be sensible of touch. We see that the true life of man is the eternal and Divine life by which he is related to what is eternal and Divine; that the true honour, the true wealth, the true wisdom, the true happiness of man are found in that eternal and Divine kingdom. John 1:4; John 8:12. Our ordinary life, as men, is nothing more than an empty image of life, not only because it quickly passes, but also because, while we live, our souls, not keeping close to God, are dead. διὰ τ. πώρ. They abhorred every thing that had a tendency to lay any restraint on their vicious passions and inclinations. Joseph. Copyright StatementCopyright 2008. Winer, § 31, 3. It is that life from God which existed in unfallen man, and re-exists in all believers who are in fellowship with God-the life which results from the operation and indwelling of the Holy Ghost. Blindness—Rather, hardness. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ephesians-4.html. 1865-1868. For ὄντες is connected also in Titus 1:16, as here, with the preceding epithet [ βδελυκτοὶ ὄντες]. Bengel and Olshausen arrange the verse thus, and Jebb calls it an “alternate quatrain.” Sacred Literature, p. 192, ed.
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